본문 바로가기
동북이 교류 협력의 중심, 동북아시아지역자치단체연합

Republic of Sakha(Yakutia)

Yegor Borisov

  • NationRussian Federation
  • Government NameRepublic of Sakha(Yakutia)
  • GovernorAysen Nikolaev

Symbol

Flag

Flag

 

Coat of arms

Coat of arms

 

History

  • In April 27, 1922 Yakutia was granted the status of an autonomous republic.
  • Its present name as a republic was received in 1990 when the Declaration of Sovereignty of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) was signed in September 27, 1990.
  • The republic's first president, Mikhail Nikolayev, was elected December 20, 1991.
  • In December 24, 1996 he was re-elected for another term of five years.

History

  • It is the biggest region and occupies one fifth of the total territory of Russia. The Republic of Sakha is a land of mountains and plateaus, which occupy over 70% of the territory. The territory has a complex geology, correspondingly rich in raw materials, the full extent of which is still unknown. The republic is located in the permafrost area.

Basic Information

  Contents
Geography/Climate
  • Area: 3,103,200㎢
  • Location : 80% of Sakha Republic(Yakutia)’s territory is located at a latitude of sixty degrees north and over 40% of the territory lies within the Arctic Circle. Sakha borders the Laptev Sea and the East-Siberian Sea of the Arctic Ocean to the north. From the east through the south to the west, the republic neighbors are: Chukotskiy Autonomy Okrug, Magadanskaya Oblast', Khabarovskiy Krai, Amurskaya Oblast', Chitinskaya Oblast', Irkutskaya Oblast', Evenkiyskiy Autonomy Okrug and Taimyr Autonomy Okrug.
  • Climate: The climate in the republic is severe continental. Sakha is known for being the coldest region of the northern hemisphere: seasonal temperature variations exceed 100°C (from +40 during the summer to -60 during the winter).
Population
  • Population : 955,859 (2012)
  • Population density : 0.31/㎢
Major events
  • April 27 : Constitution Day
  • June 21 : Traditional Festival “Sakha Ysyakh”
Tourist Attractions and Cultural Heritage
  • Olongkho, the traditional epic poem

Economic Status

  Contents
Economy(2010)
  • GRDP: 384.7 bn RUB (approx. 12.8 USD) (2010)
  • Per capita GRDP: 320,800 RUB (approx. 10,693 USD) (2010)

Others

  • Contact:Ministry of Foreign Relations and Ethnic Affairs of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
  • Address:Russia, 677011, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Yakutsk, Lenin avenue, 30
  • Tel.:7-4112-506-732
  • Fax.:7-4112-42-09-11
  • Official Website : https://dvs.sakha.gov.ru/